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ABA Therapist Test

A pop quiz to be used in conjunction with training guide.

1. What does ABA stand for (if you can't remember all of it, name the parts you know)?



2. Do ABA people tend to take notes/statistics? If so, why?





3. What are some types of ABA (name as many as you can):







4. What is it called when you try to teach the child something via rote memory and special drills (it may be called more than one thing, try to name at least one)?





5. Name at least 5 of 8 types of prompts and put them in order of prompt fading (most prompting to least prompting):















6. Name at least two things that keep child from being prompt dependent?







7. What is errorless teaching?







8. What is a motivator (check all that apply)?

1. Something that increases a behavior

2. Something that the child really likes at the moment it is presented to the child

3. Something that the child is willing to do something he doesn't want to do in order to get the item

4. Could be a tickle, juice, chocolate, or a favorite toy

5. Can change from moment to moment, day to day

6. Something you can use to your advantage, to contrive a situation with the motivator for learning purposes



What are some of the reasons for negative behavior?









How do you determine what a bad behavior is and how do you go about fixing it?







What is pairing (check all that apply)?

1. Narrate play/interaction

2. Use natural language

3. Way to make yourself reinforcing

4. Still follow child's motivation to certain degree/within limits

5. Make yourself critical for activity

6. Make demands on child

7. Turn reinforcer into task

8. Play next to child with engaging child



What are the 3 parts of discrete trial?







What is instructional control?









What is a general guideline for considering a task (such as throwing a ball) is mastered?











What is a maintenance task?

1. What does ABA stand for (if you can't remember all of it, name the parts you know)?

Applied Behavioral Analysis



2. Do ABA people tend to take notes/statistics? If so, why?

Yes. The statistics show:

1. Record progress/ shows usefulness of a program (is it working?)

2. Can help determine why/when/how things are not working

3. Shows trends



3. What are some types of ABA (name as many as you can):

DTT/DT - Discrete Trial Training/Discrete Trial

Lovaas - DTT

PRT - Pivotal Response Training

NET - Natural Environment Training



4. What is it called when you try to teach the child something via rote memory and special drills (it may be called more than one thing, try to name at least one)?

DTT



5. Name at least 5 of 8 types of prompts and put them in order of prompt fading (most prompting to least prompting):

1. Full physical prompt

2. Partial physical

3. Full model

4. Partial model

5. Full Verbal model

6. Partial verbal model

7. Gesture ("what do you drink from?" gesture cup)

8. Proximity (put card/item closer so child will chose it first)

9. Point (point to light switch to remind to turn off)



6. Two things that keep child from being prompt dependent?

1. Different schedule of reinforcement (continuous -> intermitten -> delayed)

2. Use less intrusive prompt (least prompting)





7. What is errorless teaching?

Give instruction that requires verbal answer, then quickly in monotone/lower voice give answer, quickly ask again and expect non-prompted answer. Good for learning new/newer stuff.



8. What is a motivator (check all that apply)?

1. Something that increases a behavior

2. Something that the child really likes at the moment it is presented to the child

3. Something that the child is willing to do something he doesn't want to do in order to get the item

4. Could be a tickle, juice, chocolate, or a favorite toy

5. Can change from moment to moment, day to day

6. Something you can use to your advantage, to contrive a situation with the motivator for learning purposes



9. What are some of the reasons for negative behavior

1. Approach (Attention, gain contact, "get over here now!")

2. Escape (Remove demand, "go away")

3. Avoidance (Know demand is coming and acts up, "Time to get started" -> "I'm not going to put myself in this situation!")



How do you determine what a bad behavior is and how do you go about fixing it?

Functional Analysis using A-B-C

Antecedent -> Behavior -> Consequence (as it relates to reason for negative behavior)



What is pairing?

9. Narrate play/interaction

10. Use natural language

11. Way to make yourself reinforcing

12. Still follow child's motivation to certain degree/within limits

13. Make yourself critical for activity

14. Make demands on child

15. Turn reinforcer into task

16. Play next to child with engaging child



What are the 3 parts of discrete trial?

Sd (instruction) -> R (response) -> Sr (Reinforcer)



What is instructional control?

1. Have child's attention (attending)

2. The child is sitting or standing appropriately (good sitting, quiet hands)

3. The child is ready to learn



What is a general guideline for considering a task (such as throwing a ball) is mastered?

1. That it can be done correctly and generalized (#3,4,5)

2. Within specific parameters like using a 1.5 ft diameter ball thrown at 2 feet

3. Done with 2 different people

4. Done over 2 day period (at 80% correct level)

5. Done in 2 different settings (home/school)



What is a maintenance task?

Usually comprises of 50-80% of instruction. Consists of items the child has mastered?

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